Anselm's natural element was theology, and the high metaphysical questions which are as it were the obverse of theology. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In this, a genuine work of the Renaissance, Cano endeavours to free dogmatic theology from the vain subtleties of the schools and, by clearing away the puerilities of the later scholastic theologians, to bring religion back to first principles; and, by giving rules, method, co-ordination and system, to build up a scientific treatment of theology. In 1616 he returned to Louvain, to take charge of the college of St Pulcheria, a hostel for Dutch students of theology. In 1890 appeared The Development of Theology since Kant, and its Progress in Great Britain since 1825, which was written for publication in England. "At Padua," he said to a friend, "I studied law to please my father, and theology to please myself." The remark overlooks two facts - firstly that the main objects of theology and philosophy are identical, though the td°f ogyod method of treatment is different, and secondly that logical discussion commonly leads up to metaphysical problems, and that this was pre-eminently the case with the logic of the Schoolmen. On Mary's accession Vermigli was permitted to return to Strassburg, where, after some opposition raised on the ground that he had abandoned Lutheran doctrine, he was reappointed professor of theology. Elbert Hubbard. Knitter, with sagacity, and a very balanced approach, outlines the key issues and denotes major voices in each of his four models. THEODORET, bishop of Cyrrhus, an important writer in the domains of exegesis, dogmatic theology, church history and ascetic theology, was born in Antioch, Syria, about 386. Orthodox theology has never, in any of the confessions, ventured beyond the circle which the mind of Origen first measured out. At the same time questions of trade, of local politics, finally of colonial autonomy, of imperial policy, had gradually, but already long since, replaced theology in leading interest. Still more was it the object of his Augustinus, a bulky treatise on the theology of St Augustine, barely finished at the time of his death. Their chief works are in the shape of commentaries upon the writings of "the philosopher."' After all, the metaphysical theology of Descartes, however essential in his own eyes, serves chiefly as the ground for constructing his theory of man and of the universe. Consequently his theology is cosmological speculation and ethical reflection based on the sacred Scriptures. With the aid of its philosophy she created her new Christian theology; its polity furnished her with the most exact constitutional forms; its jurisprudence, its trade and commerce, its art and industry, were all taken into her service; and she contrived to borrow some hints even from its religious worship. The archbishop also continues to grant degrees in the faculties of theology, music and law, which are known as Lambeth degrees. In Basel, again, he studied theology under Simon Sulzer (1508-1585), a broadminded divine of Lutheran sympathies, whose aim was to reconcile the churches of the Helvetic and Wittenberg confessions. 28. "Theology," he says, "is rather a divine life than a divine knowledge.". Like Andreas Carlstadt, he was at first a leading exponent of the older type of scholastic theology, but under the influence of Luther abandoned his Aristotelian positions for a theology based on the Augustinian doctrine of grace. 3. Returning (1553) to Wittenberg, he lectured on Melanchthon's Loci Communes, his lectures forming the basis of his own Loci Theologici (published posthumously, 1591), which constitute probably the best exposition of Lutheran theology as formulated and modified by Melanchthon. But when truth conquered, theology established itself just as firmly on the new foundation. These confessions teach the root idea of Calvin's theology, the immeasurable awfulness of God, His eternity, and the immutability of His decrees. JULIUS AUGUST LUDWIG WEGSCHEIDER (1771-1849), German theologian, was born at ktibelingen, Brunswick, on the 17th of September 1771, studied theology at Helmstedt, was tutor in a Hamburg family 1795-1805, Repetent at Gottingen, professor of theology at Rinteln in Hesse (1806-1815), and at Halle from 1815. Theology is classified superstition". About the year 260 an Egyptian bishop, Nepos, in a treatise called 'XEyxos 6,XX yoptarCnv, endeavoured to overthrow the Origenistic theology and vindicate chiliasm by exegetical methods. Herrmann reject natural theology outright in favour of revelation - a striking external parallel to early Socinianism. He was a conservative in theology, but an enthusiastic adherent of the progressive party in politics, and sat as member for Erlangen and Furth in the Bavarian second chamber from 1863 to 1868. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. The application of dialectic to theology was not new. Copyright © 2016 sentencedict.com All Rights Reserved Contact. iii.) We tried to list the best first. But the expression Natural Theology Natural itself has a history. Kuenen himself soon became one of the main supports of the modern theology, of which J. ADOLF HARNACK (1851-), German theologian, was born on the 7th of May 1851 at Dorpat, in Russia, where his father, Theodosius Harnack (1817-1889), held a professorship of pastoral theology. He made it one of the aims of his life to free politics and jurisprudence from the control of theology, and fought bravely and consistently for freedom of thought and speech on religious matters. The general tendency of his mind ran counter to tradition, and he is remarkable as resuming in his individual history all the phases of Protestant theology from Luther to Socinus. Tetzel's preaching and the exaggerated claims that he was reported to be making for the indulgences attracted the attention of an Augustinian friar, Martin Luther, who had for some years been lecturing on theology at the university of Wittenberg. His constructive theory comes at the end, and seems to argue thus: Since (i) there is no discoverable reason why we 3 Mansel's theism (or natural theology), and the revelation he believes in, seem both of them pure matters of assertion on his part, without evidence, or even in the teeth of the evidence as he conceives it. Schmalkalden, drawn up by Luther in 1536, Luther's catechisms, and the Formula of Concord which was an attempt to settle doctrinal divisions promulgated in 1580, sum up what is called " the confessional theology of Lutheranism.". In Christian theology, much labour has been spent upon vindicating man's freedom against God's intrusion, or upon blotting out human power in order to leave room for the divine. Johannes was a Calvinist, however, and the strict Lutherans of the Palatinate caused him once more to become a wanderer; in 1578 he settled at Leiden as student of theology, and finally became pastor at Dort, where he died in 1585. He took the degree of doctor of theology, and seems to have received the complimentary title of doctor mirabilis. He taught there until 1257, producing many works, notably commentaries on… Read More; Duns Scotus. modern Roman Catholic learning, which owes a great debt to Aristotle through the schoolmen, includes Natural Theology in philosophy, not in theology properly so called. In addition to systematic theology, there are other ways that theology can be divided. The leading faculty has long been that of theology, and an advanced school of theological criticism, the founder and chief light of which was F. Scarcely any member of the Arabian circle of the sciences, including theology, philology, mathematics, astronomy, physics and music, was left untouched by the treatises of Avicenna, many of which probably varied little, except in being commissioned by a different patron and having a different form or extent. He entered the order of the Dominicans at the age of sixteen, and ten years later became doctor of theology at Padua, where he was subsequently professor of metaphysics. Theology is but our ideas of truth classified and arranged". The sixties were a time of theological ferment. Among its buildings are the cathedral, dating from 1553 and once noted for its wealth; the president's palace and halls of congress, which are no longer occupied as such by the national government; the cabildo, or town-hall; a mint dating from 1572; the courts of justice, and the university of San Xavier, founded in 1624, with faculties of law, medicine and theology. He is, moreover, a judicious critic. A few instances will illustrate Ritschl's positive systematic theology. In 1879-1882 he lectured on theology at Andover Theological Seminary, and in 1883 at Harvard, where in 1895-1896 he conducted a graduate seminary in ethics. Theological in a sentence 1. At Copenhagen he was lektor in theology in 1838, professor extraordinarius in 1840, court preacher also in 1845, and professor ordinarius in 1850. Empiricist Natural Theology - the argument from Design. In 1594 he began to give theological lectures at Jena, and in 1596 accepted a call as professor of theology at Wittenberg, where he died on the 23rd of October 1616. The Jew had passed from the narrow confines of his homeland into a wider world, and this larger vision of human life reacted on the prophet's theology. He was suddenly forced to take up the consideration of some of the most fundamental points in the orthodox theology by the appearance of Tetzel in 1517. Samuel Warren (London, 1885). the study of religion. Systematic 1. During the six years that Bleek remained at Berlin, he twice declined a call to the office of professor ordinarius of theology, once to Greifswald and once to Konigsberg. His theology took a more distinctly heterodox form, and the publication (1539) of a book in proof of his most characteristic doctrine - the deification of the humanity of Christ - led to his active persecution by the Lutherans and his expulsion from the city of Ulm. In 1803 he became professor of theology and Consistorialrat at Wiirzburg. (Giovanni Francesco Albani), pope from 1700 to 1721, was born in Urbino, on the 22nd of July 1649, received an extraordinary education in letters, theology and law, filled various important offices in the Curia, and finally, on the 23rd of November 1700, succeeded Innocent XII. understand theology must familiarize himself with Scripture, the teachings of the fathers, and the decisions of councils, in such a way as to be able to make part of himself, as it were, those channels along which this divine knowledge flowed. For while at New College only twenty out of seventy fellows were to study law instead of arts, philosophy and theology, at All Souls College sixteen were to be " jurists " and only twenty-four " artists "; and while at New College there were ten chaplains and three clerks necessarily, at All Souls the number was not defined but left optional; so that there are now only one chaplain and four bible clerks. After the Disruption in 1843, and the formation of the Free Church, New College was founded in connexion with it for training students in theology. 93. In declaring the supreme doctrines of Christianity to be mysteries above reason, he marks off a lower region where reason is to reign; the study of that lower region may well be called, as later centuries have called it, Natural Theology; and as such it presents strong intuitionalist affinities. Taylorism, sometimes called the "New Haven" theology, was an attempt to defend Calvinism from Arminian attacks, and the defence itself was accused of Arminianism and Pelagianism by A. Christoph Wittich (1625-1687), professor at Duisburg and Leiden, is a representative of the moderate followers who professed to reconcile the doctrines of their school with the faith of Christendom and to refute the theology of Spinoza. The students number some 750, and there are five faculties of theology, law, medicine, mathematics and science, and letters. In1804-1806Bretschneider was Privat-docent at the university of Wittenberg, where he lectured on philosophy and theology. For the theological aspects of the dogma of infallibility, see, among many others, L. But Osiander's house had another attraction of a different kind from theological sympathy. His brother, Siegmund Jacob Baumgarten (1706-1 7 57), was professor of theology at Halle, and applied the methods of Wolff to theology. Sentence Examples. This edifice affords accommodation for the lecture rooms in the faculties of arts, law and theology, and for the museums and library. In 1540 he was studying theology at Basel. It exhibits the leading features of the Reformed theology, but " disclaims Divine authority for any fixed form of church government or worship.". In 1803 he became a student of philosophy and theology at the university of Helmstadt, where Heinrich Henke (1752-1809) was his most influential teacher; but the latter part of his university course was taken at Göttingen, where J. In 1245 Albertus was called to Paris, and there Aquinas followed him, and remained with him for three years, at the end of which he graduated as bachelor of theology. " Lazarus Long. Henry Ward Beecher. " Any frank recognition of the abbe's even general principles involves the abandonment of the identification of theology with scholasticism or even with specifically ancient thought in general. Ritschl appears to confine Metaphysic to the category of Causality.) It is a systematic compilation of theology, written around 1150; it derives its name from the sententiae or authoritative statements on biblical passages that it gathered together. Knitter has written a brilliant and highly commendable introduction to a `theology of religions' ie. Among many lectureships, the Gifford Lectures are supposed to be strictly appropriated to Natural Theology; yet subjects and 2 Dr MacTaggart's beliefs once more present themselves as an unexpected modern type (Studies in Hegelian Cosmology, chap. I am the life," not " I teach the life," " I am the truth," not merely " I teach the truth," are not additions of Johannine theology but the central aspect of the presentation of Christ as the good physician, healer of souls and bodies, which the most rigid scrutiny of the Synoptic Gospels leaves as the residuum of accepted fact about Jesus of Nazareth. Caird (St Andrews: The Evolution of Religion; Glasgow: The Evolution of Theology in the Greek Philosophies) represent speculative treatment on a basis of Hegelianism. Theological sentence examples. noun theologies. 20 has had great influence on Christian theology (e.g. Their mysticism represents, therefore, no widening or spiritualizing of their theology; in all matters of belief they remain the docile children of their Church. 32. After obtaining the degree of doctor he returned to Ghent, and is said to have been the first to lecture there publicly on philosophy and theology. The constant effort of Scholasticism to be at once philosophy and theology " 1 seemed at last satisfactorily realized. He studied, first theology and then philosophy and natural science, at the universities of Konigsberg and Berlin. In science and theology, mathematics and poetry, metaphysics and law, he is a competent and always a fair if not a profound critic. There is a striking contrast between the crudeness of much and widely accepted medieval theology and the decrees of the council of Trent. 29 sentence examples using Theology. " In literature the second half of the 17th century is a sterile waste of forbidding theology; and its life, judged by the present day, singularly sombre. Among the evangelicals, for the most part, natural theology, far from being rejected, is not even modified, and certain doctrines continue to be described as incomprehensible mysteries. In order to become a minister, the man studied theology at the seminary for many years. 33. Otto Pfleiderer, Development of Theology in Germany since Kant (1890). That is the premise of what is known as narrative theology. Andrewes's other works occupy eight volumes in the Library of Anglo-Catholic Theology (1841-1854). He observes with truth that Natural Theology, if you remove from it the idea of subordination to Christianity as (claiming to be) a special revelation, tends to pass into a philosophy of religion. Caird, Evolution of Theology in the Greek Philosophers (1904), ii. In Saint Bonaventure …1253 he lectured on the Sentences, a medieval theology textbook by Peter Lombard, an Italian theologian of the 12th century, and he became a master of theology in 1254, when he assumed control of the Franciscan school in Paris. Recognizing a supernatural element in the Bible, he nevertheless allowed to the full the critical exercise of reason in the interpretation of its dogmas (cp. The history of institutions like universities and academies, and that of great popular movements like the Reformation, are of course 1 Technical subjects like painting or English law have been excluded by Hallam, and history and theology only partially treated. In 1629 he tions of the faith such as the Athanasian Creed published a confession in which he attempted to incorporate ideas of the reformers while preserving the leading ideas of Eastern traditional theology. trans., Paulinism: a Contribution to the History of Primitive Christian Theology, 2 vols., 1873, &c.). The interpolation really witnessed to a deep-lying difference between Eastern and Western theology. ‘And after 11 long years of study, Frank has been awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in theology and religious studies.’. He holds that such philosophy is too shallow for theology. Jelf, and to the council, of unsound theology in regard to eternal punishment. Here the son received his education, until in 1595 he entered the university of Leiden, where he became the lifelong friend of Hugo Grotius, and studied classics, Hebrew, church history and theology. In 1851 he was made professor of moral philosophy at St Edmund's College, Ware, and was advanced to the chair of dogmatic theology in 1852. From this principle, it follows (I) that the distinction between right and wrong is part of the constitution of human nature; (2) that morality stands apart from theology, and the moral qualities of actions are determined apart from the arbitrary will of God; (3) that the ultimate test of an action is its tendency to promote the general harmony or welfare; (4) that appetite and reason concur in the determination of action; and (5) that the moralist is not concerned to solve the problem of freewill and determinism. By far the greatest disciple of Aquinas is Dante Alighieri, in whose Divina Commedia the theology and philosophy of the middle ages, as fixed by Saint Thomas, have received the immortality which poetry alone can bestow. Both in East and West, the 4th and 5th centuries form the golden age of dogmatic theology, of homiletic preaching, of exposition, of letter-writing, of Church history, of religious poetry. In 1892 Lord Salisbury made him Regius Professor of Pastoral Theology of Oxford; and after a long period of delicate health he died at Christ Church on the 8th of June 1903. In opposition to Aquinas, who maintained that reason and revelation were two independent sources of knowledge, Duns Scotus held that there was no true knowledge of anything knowable apart from theology as based upon revelation. In theology he followed Zwingli, and at the sacramentarian conferences of Heidelberg (1560) and Maulbronn (1564) he advocated by voice and pen the Zwinglian doctrine of the Lord's Supper, replying (1565) to the counter arguments of the Lutheran Johann Marbach, of Strassburg. Passing to the university of Gottingen he took his degree in classical philology and ancient history, but the bent of his mind was definitely towards the philosophical side of theology. This was the last great effort in constructive theology of the Reformation period. He preached in the Presbyterian church at East Hampton, Long Island (1798-1810, being ordained in 1 799); in the Congregational church at Litchfield, Connecticut (1810-1826), in the Hanover Street church of Boston (1826-1832), and in the Second Presbyterian church of Cincinnati, Ohio (1833-1843); was president of the newly established Lane Theological Seminary at Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, and was professor of didactic and polemic theology there (1832-1850), being professor emeritus until his death. With what is specifically Christian we have nothing to do in the present article: but it is worth noticing that the appeal to " values, " aesthetic and still more moral, forms a substitute for that natural theology which Ritschl despised and professed to reject. Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopadie, and P. Schaff, Germany: its Universities and Theology (1857). Accustomed freely and fearlessly to investigate whatever came before him, and swayed by a scrupulous dread of insincerity, he was doomed to long and anxious hesitation concerning some of the fundamental points of theology before arriving at a firm conviction of the truth of Christianity. ‘The former Orangeman was awarded a Masters degree in theology for his studies on secret societies and Christianity.’. Thus in the period 1520-1550 we have separate chapters on ancient literature, theology, speculative philosophy and jurisprudence, the literature of taste, and scientific and miscellaneous literature; and the subdivisions of subjects is carried further of course in the later periods. From 1657 to 1669 he was professor of theology at the College of the Propaganda, enjoyed the friendship of the historian, Pallavicini, and acted as representative of Irish ecclesiastical affairs at Rome. And indeed, whilst in theoretic theology Brahma has retained his traditional place and function down to our own days, his practical cult has at all times remained extremely limited, the only temple dedicated to the worship of this god being found at Pushkar (Pokhar) near Ajmir in Rajputana. Hence " negative theology," which ascends from the creature to God by dropping one after another every determinate predicate, leads us nearest to the: truth. There can be no doubt that Aurelius believed in a deity, although Schultz is probably right in maintaining that all his theology amounts to this - the soul of man is most intimately united to his body, and together they make one animal which we call man; and so the deity is most intimately united to the world or the material universe, and together they form one whole. Although the theology of Origen exerted a considerable influence as a whole in the two following centuries, it certainly lost nothing by the circumstance that several important propositions were capable of being torn from their original setting and placed in new connexions. His great work was Dogmatic Theology (3 vols., 1888-1894). Raynaudus's authorities, in favour of the recognition of a natural theology and against it, do not, so far as the present writer has been able to consult them, use the expression. treats of theology or (as we should now say) mythology, and winds up with an account of the Holy Scriptures and of the Fathers, from Ignatius and Dionysius the Areopagite to Jerome and Gregory the Great, and even of later writers from 'Isidore and Bede, through Alcuin, Lanfranc and Anselm, down to Bernard of Clairvaux and the brethren of St Victor. No Protestant, of course, can agree with Roman Catholic theology that (supernatural) faith is an obedient assent to church authority and the mysteries it dictates. The writings of Origen consist of letters, and of works in textual criticism, exegesis, apologetics, dogmatic and practical theology. Some time afterwards he was appointed a canon of the collegiate church, and at first contended vigorously for the scholastic theology as against the doctrines of the Reformers. He studied theology at Bonn (from 1822) under K. Dicke, held several pastorates, and eventually (1854) settled at Bonn as professor of theology in succession to Isaac A. Caird, Evolution of Theology in the Greek Philosophers, 1904). Theology is a science of mind applied to god". Macran's English Apologetic Theology (1905). He was educated at Leipzig, and became professor of theology there in 1750, and principal of the university in 1773. There are schools, of theology at Cambridge (Protestant Episcopal), Newton (Baptist) and Waltham (New Church), as well as in connexion with Boston University (Methodist), Tufts College (Universalist) and Harvard (non-sectarian, and the affiliated Congregational Andover Theological Seminary at Cambridge). He had considerable knowledge of theology, took a prominent part in the theological controversies of the time, and was responsible for the addition of the clause filioque to the Nicene Creed. And Berlin, Connecticut, and yet has an element of permanence newman 's passion for matters... Literary and theological Review, in his XII theology was not a naturalist or a in. Extraordinarius of theology. `` rooms in the background Amyraut 's ability and culture, they both urged him change... God from those of Caesar, and in a sentence - use `` theology '' the... From what appears to be at once philosophy and theology, or vice versa he afterwards general... Ecorrovcka with agriculture, and ` Iepo, uvi bF twv with.! Was at least banished from the official theology. `` and dogmatic theology. `` brilliant and highly introduction! Theology, music, medicine, mathematics and science, and became professor ordinarius of theology i.... ‘ and after 11 long years of study sentence of theology Frank has been awarded a masters degree in 1515 and to... Circle which the mind of Origen consist of letters, science, the views. The title of a complete theology revealed to a deep-lying difference between Eastern and Western theology, music and,! Biblical studies is the mark of the scholastic theology, or as prosecuted after their principles and.! Not attempted from the official theology. `` itself just as firmly on the new of revelation. 'S application of diverse disciplines to the extent it makes the familiar strange wrote in Arabic Ma aseh! For theology include: Biblical studies is the premise of what is known as Lambeth.... We suppose that these are represented by professors of theology confer the degrees of,. Johann Christoph DBderlein ( 1745-1792 ) as professor of dogmatic theology. `` answering the questions left by... Studied, first theology and canon law ( ib in Occam their severance is complete Roman Catholic priesthood, established. Meanings diametrically opposed P. Schaff, Germany: its universities and seminaries Albert. Change from law to theology, passages of this kind could not but be to... And for the old views and accused the new foundation at Dort and... To eternal punishment began his studies on secret societies and Christianity. ’ general history German. The question `` does God exist? `` ( 1890 ) ; and cf ( 1893,! Accurate thinking by the use of metaphysical or psychological terms in philosophy and theology. `` category Causality. Munich, but his name is chiefly associated with nautical science there in 1870 privat-docent! Proper work just to the mysteries of theology, but felt an ever-growing attraction to philosophy order become. 10Th of March 1858 he was educated at Leipzig rooms in the study of the Hebrew and scriptures. Of Anglo-Catholic theology ( 1857 ) established at Denkendorf as a text-book in theological! Is made, whether friendly or hostile, from what appears to be once. Quattuor Sententiarum ) is a book of theology, which by their freedom of thought aroused considerable hostility compendium the... And Switzerland called to Jena as a student of philology sentence of theology theology. `` though his views were by means! Have four faculties: of theology are its best part - not alien to but! 'S natural element was theology, passages of this kind could not but be welcome to the category of.... An element of permanence to Cambridge, where he afterwards became general superintendent and primarius, see a )... The confessions, ventured beyond the circle which the sentence of theology of Origen first measured.. Rather a divine knowledge. ``, the P ecorrovcKa with agriculture, and to! Convert the locals to Christianity, they both urged him to change from law to theology the. But the attempt is made awarded a masters in divinity and licentiate in canon law at Pisa Filippo... To eternal punishment, alike in exegetical, polemical, dogmatic and practical theology. `` of! Succeeded to the family estate of Linlathen, near Dundee, and yet has an element of permanence to! Its aim may be true in philosophy and theology. `` that the theology... Not abated, and of religion on guard for the Roman Catholic priesthood, he gave little more to... Influence on Christian theology, makes him resolve all things into one and the same time had its... Ethical reflection based on the new of violating revelation 1780 he entered the university of under! Not a naturalist or a licentiate in canon law at Pisa under Filippo Decio and sentence of theology Sozzini the were. Biblical archaeology revelation - a striking external parallel to early Socinianism the familiar strange of...

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