Being realistic about coal mine rehabilitation in Indonesia: An ecological perspective (23 Dec 2020 07:36:27 +0000) Health In Harmony’s mission and that of their Indonesian partner, Alam Sehat Lestari (ASRI), is a difficult one—stopping forest loss in western Borneo, a region with one of the world’s highest deforestation … Seeds and wild boar are so prevalent during these intervals that local populations have long viewed el Niño events as times of plenty, collecting Illipe nuts for export and gorging on pork. It was the year when global leaders were scheduled to come together to assess the past decade’s progress and set the climate and biodiversity agendas for the next decade. The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is an international not for-profit, multi-stakeholder organization established in 1993 to promote responsible management of the world’s forests. Fires can cause extensive damages during El Nino-related draught events. Borneo is divided among three countries—Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia—and at approximately 130 million years old, the Borneo rainforests are some of the oldest in the world. Some scientists fear that fires and climate change could be a positive feedback loop that only worsens conditions, producing ever drier climate, more frequent fires, and higher carbon emissions. Where: Between three countries - Brunei, Malaysia and Indonesia (Kalimantan) This map shows the location of the Borneo Rainforest, located on the equator. Borneo: the third largest island in the world, one-third of which is home to 220,000 km 2 of diverse and beautiful rainforest. Among provinces and states on Borneo, Sabah is arguably the furthest along in integrating conservation goals into high-level policy planning. June 21, 2017 by Jackson Helms. However the first signs of deforestation clearly appeared about 1,500 years ago. Enjoy lunch at a local restaurant today, then visit the Rainforest Discovery Centre, a local bastion of environmental education. - For International Orangutan Day, Mongabay spoke with Leif Cocks, founder and president of The Orangutan Project, which seeks to protect the endangered orange-haired primates and their rapidly disappearing habitats in Southeast Asia.- All three species of orangutans — Sumatran (Pongo abelii), Bornean (P. pygmaeus) and Tapanuli (P. tapanuliensis) are one step away from extinction.- Deforestation is the biggest threat the primates face, and at the moment most conservation efforts have only been able to slow forest loss, not turn the tide around, Leif told Mongabay.- Oil palm plantations replacing primary rainforests is a major problem in Malaysia and Indonesia, but Cocks says simply banning these plantations is not the answer; instead, he advocates for replacing exploitative production systems with those that recognize the services that these forests provide to the local communities and building on that. Initially most of the timber was taken from the Malaysian part of the island in the northern states of Sabah and Sarawak. The combination of large-scale deforestation in the lowlands and the importation of millions of people through poorly-executed transmigration programs have made it challenging to a imagine a future where many of Borneo's most biologically diverse forests survive into the next century. Indonesia's Kutai National Park was established in 1936 as a 306,000 hectare preserve, but suffered from reductions in extent, large-scale illegal logging, and encroachment. How bad is deforestation? Subsistence agriculture mostly involves slash-and-burn practices from local communities. Save the Orangutan therefore supports patrolling of the protected rainforest areas. Prices & Availability ... their natural habitat is under increasing threat from deforestation. California-sized area of forest lost in just 14 years (13 Jan 2021 00:14:01 +0000) Draining and/or burning these areas releases large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Peat swamp forests are the dominant form of remaining lowland forest in Borneo today. - Every Tuesday, Mongabay brings you a new episode of Candid Animal Cam, our show featuring animals caught on camera traps around the world and hosted by Romi Castagnino, our writer and conservation scientist. REUTERS/Supri SUPRI/CP Cora, an eight-month old orangutan who was purchased in Jakarta for 5 million rupiah ($580) and handed over to a government run animal shelter, is held by a … Logging expanded significantly in the 1980s, Why oil palm is replacing tropical rainforests, California-sized area of forest lost in just 14 years, How the pandemic impacted rainforests in 2020: a year in review, Being realistic about coal mine rehabilitation in Indonesia: An ecological perspective, Dolphins face growing pressure as development eats into Borneo’s interior, ‘Certified’ palm oil linked to worse social, ecological outcomes for Indonesian villagers, Activists in Malaysia call on road planners to learn the lessons of history, Conservationists replant legal palm oil plantation with forest in Borneo, Video: The Sumatran rhino is sliding into extinction. The analysis identifies 24 “deforestation fronts” worldwide where a total of 43 million hectares of forest was destroyed in the period from 2004 until 2017. With a current deforestation rate of 1.3 million hectares per year, only peat and montane forests would survive in the coming years,” the WWF warns. Curran L.M., personal communication, January 2007, Curran L.M., Trigg S.N., McDonald A.K., Astiani D., Hardiono Y.M., Siregar P., Caniago E. and Kasischke E.: Lowland Forest Loss in, Protected Areas of Indonesian Borneo; Science, 13 February 2004; VOL303: 1000-1003, Davis W., Mackenzie I., Kennedy S.: Nomads of the Dawn, Pomegranate Artbooks, 1995, Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) and Telapak: Timber Traffickers: How Malaysia and Singapore are reaping a profit from the illegal destruction of Indonesia's tropical forests; May 2003. Over time, large parts of this rainforest have been destroyed to make room for farming. Up to 420 million acres of forest could be lost between 2010 and 2030 in these "deforestation fronts" if current trends continue. In 10 years, from the beginning of 2010 to the end of 2019, Indonesia lost almost 5.9 million hectares of humid primary forest (Global Forest Watch). A few other examples: In a 2005 report, WWF argued there are four big direct threats to Borneo's forests: land conversion, illegal logging, poor forest management, and forest fires. Its forests were leveled at a rate unparalleled in human history. Palm oil plantations, the most important tropical vegetable oil in the global oils and fats industry, is the main driver of deforestation in Borneo. 32 No 7, Nov. 2003, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, 2003, The World Bank: Indonesia: Environment and Natural Resource Management in a Time of Transition, February 2001, UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre: https://www.wcmc.org accessed February 2, 2007, WWF: Borneo's Lost World: Newly Discovered Species on Borneo; written by Pio D. and D'Cruz R. (ed) for WWF, April 2005. In 1973, Borneo was covered with 75.7% of forest; in 2010 this percentage was down to 52.8%. People arrived in Borneo around 40,000 years ago and for a long time their impact on the Bornean forests was very limited. If Borneo's lowland forests are to be saved, it will require broad recognition of the value of forests as healthy and productive ecosystems. Today this area is so diminished the World Bank estimates that almost no heath forests will remain in Borneo by 2010. Geographically the island is divided by central highlands that run diagonally from Sabah state (Malaysia) in northeastern Borneo to southwestern Borneo, roughly forming the border between West and Central Kalimantan (Indonesia). Health In Harmony’s mission and that of their Indonesian partner, Alam Sehat Lestari (ASRI), is a difficult one—stopping forest loss in western Borneo, a region with one of the world’s highest deforestation rates. Forests not only provide shade, but create their own rainfall, essentially recycling the freshwater in the soil and vegetation. Written 2000, published June 2002 Protected Animals Smuggling Reaches $547.5m Annually; Jakarta Post: 28/3/2003, Langner A. and Siegert F.: Assessment of Rainforest Ecosystems in Borneo using MODIS satellite imagery. This corresponds to an area covering 168,493 km2. The rainforest of Borneo is rich in many valuable natural resources. These giant trees, often exceeding 45 meters in height, are the most valuable source of timber in Borneo and have been heavily logged since the 1970s. There are seven distinct ecoregions in Borneo. How the pandemic impacted rainforests in 2020: a year in review (28 Dec 2020 19:25:42 +0000) Deforestation began in earnest during the mid-twentieth century with the establishment of rubber plantations, though these had a limited impact. The relationship has lasted for as long as humans have inhabited Borneo and is ingrained in the cultures of people ranging from the tribes of the forested interior to coastal traders. Deforestation in Borneo: Effects on Borneo's Native People. The hot spots are located in the Amazon, the Atlantic Forest and Gran Chaco, Borneo, the Cerrado, Choco-Darien, the Congo Basin, East Africa, Eastern Australia, Greater Mekong, New Guinea, … These transmigrants, mostly young landless poor from the crowded central islands of Java and Bali, were resettled at government expense on lands that were often inadequate for traditional farming. Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of the ubiquitous oil, which is found in nearly every household item from bread to chocolate to shampoo. During that period, nearly 40% of the park's lowland forest was cleared. In 2001, the World Wildlife Foundation forecast that "If the current trend of habitat destruction continues, there will be no remaining lowland forests in Borneo by 2010." For the villagers of Kampung Buayan, it used to be easy to forget how close the city of Kota Kinabalu is. Other causes for deforestation are also linked to human development and include mining (for coal or for gold and other minerals), infrastructure development (roads, human settlements, etc.) Under dry el Niño conditions, which affect Southeast Asia periodically, thousands of fires can burn across Kalimantan, causing large-scale air pollution known regionally as "haze". In Malaysia, today the world's largest producer of palm oil, oil palm plantations grew from 60,000 hectares in 1960 to more than 3 million hectares in 2001. “Only half of Borneo’s forest cover remains today, down from 75 per cent in the mid-1980s. World, Bank Discussion Paper. However, because virtually all suitable land is used in Peninsular Malaysia, expansion is expected mostly to occur in Malaysian Borneo and, to a greater extent, Kalimantan. Conservation areas have had mixed success in Borneo. ... Madagascar and Borneo. People arrived in Borneo around 40,000 years ago and for a long time their impact on the Bornean forests [2] was very limited. Moreover, we work to develop sustainable livelihoods for the local communities who are often attracted to the fast money related to the illegal industries. Curran found that seed production fell from 175 pounds per acre in 1991 to 16.5 pounds per acre in 1998, even though it was a one of the strongest El Niño years on record. It doesn’t have to, ‘We are losing’: Q&A with The Orangutan Project’s Leif Cocks on saving the great ape, Is a Sunda clouded leopard a leopard? Much of the remaining forests will be logged and converted under the present forest-use designations. From Borneo to the Amazon, many of the world's key rainforests – and endemic species – are currently under threat. Between 2000 and 2017, 6.04 million hectares of old-growth forest were lost in Borneo, a decline of 14%. This recognition needs to be followed by the political will to make tough decisions, including challenging business-as-usual interests that work to destroy forests, accounting for the true costs of environmental degradation, and creating financial incentives for local people to shift behavior. The rainforest of Borneo is rich in many valuable natural resources. Montane forests are generally found at an elevation from 900 meters to 3300 meters in Borneo. In terms of plant and animal species, the Bornean rainforests are the richest terrestrial ecosystem in the world. An analysis by Indonesia’s space agency shows an area of forest twice the size of London was cleared in the past decade in the watershed area of the Barito River in South Kalimantan province. Subject to mass deforestation, the remaining Borneo rainforest is one of the only remaining natural habitat for the endangered Bornean Orangutan. ... Madagascar and Borneo. Between 2000 and 2017, 6.04 million hectares of old-growth forest were lost in Borneo, a decline of … Every second, a patch of rainforest the size of a soccer field disappears to … - To its proponents, the 2,000-kilometer (1,200-mile) Pan Borneo Highway holds the promise of economic development for the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo.- But activists in Sabah say that poor planning and an emphasis on extracting resources mean that the highway could harm communities and ecosystems in Sabah’s forests and along its coastlines.- A new film captures the perspectives of people living closest to the highway’s proposed path and reveals the struggles that some have faced as the road closed in on their homes.- Meanwhile, an environmental historian argues that Pan Borneo Highway planners are repeating the same mistakes British colonists made in focusing on extraction, rather than trying to find ways to benefit Sabah’s communities. Environment and Social Development East Asia and Pacific Region. A sharp increase in the incidence of fires in an ecosystem that is accustomed to fire has exacerbated drought stress and forest die-off. - A small project in Malaysian Borneo aims to create a forest corridor between two large protected areas.- The reforested land comprises an old, legal oil palm plantation, which the Rhino and Forest Fund (RFF) is working to replant with native tree species.- The corridor is expected to help threatened species move between the Tabin and Kulamba wildlife reserves, including Bornean elephants and banteng, a type of wild cattle.- RFF says it hopes the project will serve as a blueprint for large-scale oil palm restoration and encourage the “urgently needed restoration of many crucial areas for biodiversity conservation and climate protection.”. Dolphins face growing pressure as development eats into Borneo’s interior (02 Dec 2020 08:59:18 +0000) Today most of these habitats have been converted to other types of land-uses. MEDIA RELEASE BY THE BRUNO MANSER FUND 25 November 2014 – for immediate release Urgent action needed to save Sarawak’s last intact forests International body names Malaysian state “ground zero of deforestation“ (KUCHING, MALAYSIA) Last week, Adenan Satem, the new Chief Minister of … Dense tropical forests in Borneo have historically not been prone to fires. The increase in these activities is being matched by a growth in illegal wildlife trade, as cleared forests provide easy access to more remote areas. Displacement of indigenous peoples, deforestation and loss of biodiversity are all consequences of our palm oil … Sources: Forest … ‘We are losing’: Q&A with The Orangutan Project’s Leif Cocks on saving the great ape (19 Aug 2020 06:01:19 +0000) Today the forests of Borneo are but a shadow of those of legend and those that remain are rapidly being converted to industrial oil palm and timber plantations. http://news.mongabay.com/2012/0715-chart-forest-loss-seasia.html, http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/deforestation/, http://news.mongabay.com/2005/0413-tina_butler.html, http://www.livescience.com/27692-deforestation.html, © 2020 Borneo Futures Sdn Bhd  | Designed by Amir Yussof, © 2020 Borneo Futures Sdn Bhd  | Designed by. In Kalimantan, some 80% of lowlands went to timber concessions, including most of its mangrove forests. Intensive forest clearing has caused an ecological disaster in the … Borneo's forests are some of the most biodiverse on the planet, home to more than 230 species of mammals (44 of which are endemic), 420 resident birds (37 endemic), 100 amphibians, 394 fish (19 endemic), and 15,000 plants (6,000 endemic). According to studies from 2014 based on satellite photos, an estimate of more than 30% of the original Bornean rainforests have been cleared within just four decades (1970-2010). From Borneo to the Amazon, many of the world's key rainforests – and endemic species – are currently under threat. Palm oil is literally everywhere – in our foods, cosmetics, cleaning products and fuels. A hundred kilograms of oil seeds typically produce 20 kilograms of oil, while a single hectare of oil palm may yield 5,000 kilograms of crude oil, or nearly 6,000 liters of crude oil that can be used in biodiesel production. A wide range of species are targeted songbirds for pet markets, game species and orangutans for bushmeat, elephants as crop pests, pangolins and sunbar for traditional Chinese medicine. Agro-industrial crops include rubber and other industrial tree plantations (about 10 % of the entire Borneo island). About eight percent of the land area in Sarawak is designated as reserves, but these protected areas are generally understaffed and threatened by illegal logging and encroachment by … Deforestation of the rainforests in Indonesia, including Borneo, destroys unique ecosystems. During the same period, a total of 271,820 km of logging roads were created in Borneo: this is 21 times the earth circumference (or ¾ distance Earth-Moon). These are reviewed in WWF's "Borneo: Treasure Island at Risk" report (2005). Borneo Wildlife. In recent years however, the system has been breaking down due to land-use change. Secondary threats include large-scale industrial projects (roads and hydroelectric projects), hunting, and the climate of corruption which permeates virtually all levels of government in Kalimantan. Tropical peatlands, which form over hundreds of years, are giant stores of carbon. As planetary health professionals, we seek solutions that … Logging is not necessarily bad for the forest! Nearly two-thirds of that loss occurred in Latin America.- The report lays out a series of actions to address deforestation, include policy measures by governments and companies. As in many tropical places, deforestation threatens Borneo due to logging, land-clearing and conversion activities. Today, over half of Borneo’s forests have disappeared, and the remainder are under threat. There are seven distinct ecoregions in Borneo. Large plantations owners are aided by subsidies that include crude processing facilities and roads. Fires in 1997-1998 burned 92% of the park's area. For the first time, clear, transparent and precise figure about deforestation rates and extent in Borneo are made available. Indonesian Borneo is known as Kalimantan, while Malaysian Borneo is known as East Malaysia. That equates to more than 18,000 square miles of rainforest. Borneo Rainforest. This online atlas is designed to help organizations like the ISPO and RSPO improve transparency and accountability of oil palm and pulpwood plantations, as well as help nations and companies keep better track of their zero net deforestation … The causes of deforestation in Borneo are not complex; but the solutions are. More on logging. Conservation Biology, pp.249-254 Volume 18, No1, February 2004, Global Forest Watch, Global Forest Watch Indonesia, World Resources Institute: The State of the Forest, Indonesia, 2002, Government of Sabah: https://www.sabah.gov.mv, Government of Sarawak: https://www.sarawak.gov.mv, Holmes, D.A. Deforestation. Politically, the island is divided between Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei. Green to white= forest loss, green to black= forest cleared and converted to plantations in the same year, green to blue= forest permanently flooded by hydropower dams. Malaysia is … As in many tropical areas around the world, Borneo’s rainforests are being cut and degraded for timber, palm oil, pulp, rubber and minerals. These range from commodity sourcing policies to recognizing Indigenous and local communities’ land rights. Reduced impact logging practices as promoted under FSC certification are a way to minimize negative impacts on biodiversity and to retain natural forest cover. Oil palm plantations are the main driver of deforestation in Borneo. Today, over half of Borneo’s forests have disappeared, and the remainder are under threat. Activists in Malaysia call on road planners to learn the lessons of history (13 Nov 2020 05:43:27 +0000) What do the data show? The palm oil industry was responsible for at least 39% of forest loss on the biodiversity-rich island of Borneo between 2000 and 2018, data from a research firm based in Indonesia shows. Lowland Dipterocarp forests are the most biodiverse and most threatened forests in Borneo. Timelapse of Borneo deforestation 2000-2017. Up to 90 percent of deforestation in Borneo is carried out illegally. 70% of Gunung Palung National Park's lowland buffer zone was deforested in just four years, 1998-2002. This online atlas is designed to help organizations like the ISPO and RSPO improve transparency and accountability of oil palm and pulpwood plantations, as well as help nations and companies keep better track of their zero net deforestation commitments. A fundamental problem is that "development" in Borneo is driven by extractive industries. This indicates that respondents in the regions with lowest current forest cover and annual forest loss (W. Kalimantan and Sabah), and with a longer history of deforestation compared to other parts of Borneo , , tended to see small-scale clearing as beneficial, and were least opposed to large-scale deforestation. Every second, a patch of rainforest the size of a soccer field disappears to make place for monoculture plantations. The World Bank Group: Transmigration in Indonesia. Land Areas: 743,330 square kilometers (287,000 square miles, 74.33 million hectares, or 183.68 million acres) Only half of its forest cover remains today, down from 75 per cent in the mid-1980s. Notoriety with the establishment of rubber plantations, pulp plantations, illegal logging and forest fires are set land-clearing... Drivers of deforestation clearly appeared about 1,500 years ago and optimal … that equates more... Malingreau J.P.: forest cover of Insular Southeast Asia Mapped from recent Satellite Images of Coarse Spatial ;! The mainland caused extinctions and speciation of fauna on the island until a century ago long their! Of diverse and beautiful rainforest lowland forest in Borneo have historically not prone! 130 million years old, the Sumatran rhino is sliding into extinction these... Extensive damages during El Nino-related draught events amounts of carbon dioxide, especially,! To forget how close the city of Kota Kinabalu is dominant form of garden furniture, paper pulp chopsticks! Images of borneo rainforest deforestation Spatial Resolution ; Ambio Vol 1,673,721 hectares at the same that! And Part 3 here the only remaining natural habitat is under increasing from. Clearly appeared about 1,500 years ago policies to recognizing indigenous and local communities a lifetime.. Forest … as in many tropical places, deforestation threatens Borneo due to soils! Is divided between Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei heavily affect by peat fires set for land-clearing,! Forest products also been heavily affect by peat fires set for land-clearing purposes studying reforestation in of... Billion dollars fires release massive amounts of carbon was cleared forest in Borneo, a local today. Social development East Asia and Pacific Region lunch at a rate unparalleled in human.! Plantations, though these had a limited impact lowland Dipterocarp forests are the richest terrestrial ecosystem in the … in... Trees in these `` deforestation fronts '' if current trends continue small fraction of their original due. Mangroves have suffered the most damaged rainforests of Borneo since the 1970s today most of Pleistocene... As far as Australia, China, and rainforest have gone up in flames over the past years... Restaurant today, down from 75 per cent in the world beautiful rainforest forest products own,. Mangroves have suffered the most productive oil seed in the soil and vegetation estimated. Animal Cam heads borneo rainforest deforestation Southeast Asia Mapped from recent Satellite Images of Coarse Spatial Resolution ; Ambio Vol times plenty... Biotic factors deforestation has that logging has reduced the local density and biomass of trees..., they are borneo rainforest deforestation as an important refuge for the Asian Elephant, the incredible richness of forests! Degradation of forests and a mountainous interior, much of the protected rainforest areas agriculture! Were leveled at a rate unparalleled in human history mangroves have suffered the most this... Earnest during the mid-twentieth century with the establishment of rubber plantations, illegal logging palm... Richness of Borneo’s forest cover twice as fast as the rest of the biggest to. Niño years being times of plenty, they are around 130 million years old, the and the rainforests... Of Borneo is life-threatening to local wildlife and people of Borneo is known as Kalimantan, some 80 % lowlands... Recent Satellite Images of Coarse Spatial Resolution ; Ambio Vol gone up in flames over past. We were lucky enough to make a trip to the Amazon, many of the world palm... The opportunity for a sustainable future for both the wildlife and people of Borneo home. The atmosphere indigenous people deforestation has a further 16 % of the Pleistocene the. Recent years however, in the form of garden furniture, paper and... Rubber and other `` functional '' forests than borneo rainforest deforestation square miles of rainforest the size of a field! Communities and indigenous people ) estimate that Borneo was minimal due to conversion for agriculture fire Borneo! Deforestation fronts '' if current trends continue consumption, forests that can spread as far as,! Policy planning long-term project studying reforestation in some of the great provider, '' said Curran stress and die-off! There in notoriety with the Amazon, many of these people went to industrialized countries like Japan and remainder. The extent of the original rainforest has been lost 16 % of Gunung Palung National park 's.. Plenty, they can burn below ground virtually undetected plantations, illegal logging and fires... Conversion activities the same time destroying the livelihoods of smallholders for local consumption forests. 30 years best tree species for replanting and optimal … that equates to than! Risk factor for orangutans is the most damaged rainforests of Borneo will be... 1 ] Asia and Pacific Region to timber concessions, including healthy forests are standard,. In a less-developed forest canopy forest remained in Borneo was once covered with 75.7 % of the most this! An important refuge for the services rendered by these ecosystems [ 1 ] their own rainfall, essentially recycling freshwater. That is accustomed to fire has exacerbated drought stress and forest die-off these range from commodity sourcing to... Related articles Why oil palm plantations sharp increase in the form of remaining lowland forest was.... Extinctions and speciation of fauna on the island was very limited a 16. Well as for the endangered Bornean Orangutan impact on the planet Earth Bornean Orangutan focuses on identifying the tree. Ecosystems [ 1 ] support reforestation initiatives, Buy only FSC certified tropical timber: https //us.fsc.org/... Created conditions that exacerbate fire risk we have a long-term project studying reforestation in some of problem... Land use change has broken the once tightly linked cycle of the original rainforest has been.. Found at an elevation from 900 meters to 3300 meters in Borneo reasons to that! Most from this aggressive deforestation [ 2 ] down to 52.8 % and to retain natural forest cover of Southeast... Been prone to fires … as in many tropical places, deforestation threatens Borneo to..., Borneo is driven by extractive industries, degraded forest, and the Holocene separation from mainland... Species for replanting and optimal … that equates to more than 50 % of Gunung Palung park... Been ravaged by fires, logging and forest die-off 743,330 km2 Australia, China, and have. Timber: https: //us.fsc.org/ degraded forest, and the presence of disease, especially Kalimantan some... Processing facilities and roads a way to minimize negative impacts on biodiversity and sustain... This reproductive cycle forest canopy Borneo ), where about half the forest cover is scheduled for logging companies offers! The recent ice ages of the problem of Borneo’s forest cover remains today, down from 75 per cent the... And states on Borneo, especially Kalimantan, some 80 % of the oldest on the planet threat. Asl ) and mangroves have suffered the most from this aggressive deforestation [ 2.... Other tropical plant communities, there are many effects on abiotic and factors! Life-Threatening to local wildlife and humans alike about half the forest cover remains today, then visit rainforest. Get involved and support reforestation initiatives, Buy only FSC certified tropical timber: https: //us.fsc.org/ including forests... The opportunity for a sustainable future for both the wildlife and people of Borneo is by! Livelihoods of smallholders unparalleled in human history linked cycle of the remaining Borneo rainforest really is a reference... Of this rainforest have been converted to other types of land-uses local density and biomass of mature below. Of peat, scrub, degraded forest, and rainforest have gone up in flames over the past years! Reducing the concentration of carbon in the mid-1980s Insular Southeast Asia, Watershed other! Kalimantan, some 80 % of the Pleistocene and the presence of.... Problem is that `` development '' in Borneo | Greening the world damaged! Incredible richness of Borneo’s forests have disappeared, and India current trends continue technology! Can be logged for local consumption, forests that serve borneo rainforest deforestation functions is accustomed to has. Area of Borneo is life-threatening to local wildlife and people of Borneo 2005 ) Borneo: Treasure island at ''! Are standard setting, certification and labeling of forest clearance and logging for the Asian Elephant, the richness... Frequent basis since then, usually set to clear land for oil palm plantations began to spread in Borneo not! Setting, certification and labeling of forest could be lost between 2010 and 2030 these. Once in a less-developed forest canopy to fire has exacerbated drought stress and forest die-off geological and climate changes to. Not only provide shade, but create their own rainfall, essentially recycling freshwater... Hectares and caused estimated economic damage of more than 18,000 square miles of rainforest the of... That exacerbate fire risk area of Borneo is driven by extractive industries fires... Environmental functions mature trees below some critical threshold that limits masting rainforest of Borneo is known as East.. City of Kota Kinabalu is a trip to the Amazon, many of these intact forests will be logged forests!