Infinitive definition: The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example 'do', 'be', 'take', and ' eat '.... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The past infinitive is a compound construction that’s formed with an auxiliary verb être (to be) or avoir (to have) and a past participle. The infinitive form of a French verb is the form that ends with [-ER], [-IR], or [-RE]. You can follow any of these verbs with regular or irregular infinitives. An infinitive is a verb form in which no one is performing the action. aider à faire quelque chose – to help to do something; apprendre à faire quelque chose – to learn how to do something In English, the word to always precedes the infinitive; for example, to speak and to dance are infinitives. It’s a lot of verb conjugations to digest, right? Enrich your vocabulary with the French Definition dictionary This is a good place for beginners to find the most common French verbs to learn. The infinitive is found as a subordinate verb (following a first verb) or as a noun. Il commence à comprendre. infinitive definition in French dictionary, infinitive meaning, synonyms, see also 'infinité',infinitaire',infinitiser',infinitisme'. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. In French, when a verb follows a preposition, the verb is normally in its infinitive form. The infinitive is a basic French grammar structure used for verbs. (I told him not to smoke.) For example parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre (to sell). We already studied common French verbs followed by the prepositions ‘à’ and “de”. In English, the word to always precedes the infinitive; for example, to speak and to dance are infinitives. lots of french verbs in infinitive form Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Semi-Auxiliary Verbs . 100 Most Common French Verbs. The order of the list is an approximation based on a variety of sources. In such cases, one must memorize which preposition is used. She hopes to be able to play like a professional soon. Basically, the infinitive is the complete, un-conjugated form of a verb. Strong verbs form three groups; the grouping is based on the perfect ending in Latin language (-i, -si, and -ui). A simple explanation of "Pour + infinitive = In order to". Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). The following noun phrases are followed by the infinitive: avoir l’espoir deto have a hope of, avoir l’intention deto have the intention of, avoir tendance àto have a tendency to, faire la promesse deto make a promise to, prendre la décision deto make the decision to, voir la nécessité deto see the need to. Certain verbs that take a direct object are followed by the infinitive in French: aider qn àto help someone, amener qn àto bring someone, convaincre qn deto convince someone, dissuader qn àto dissuade someone, encourager qn àto encourage someone, forcer qn àto force someone, inciter qn àto encourage/persuade someone, inviter qn àto invite someone, persuader qn deto persuade someone, prier qn de. For example, with the verb forcer that you mention, this verb has the peculiarity that if the verb is "fully conjugated", then you use à instead of de: Je l'ai forcé à venir. Become a Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises. infinitive - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. The good news is that the great majority of French verbs follow very specific (and easy to remember) rules. Another common use is in giving directions, especially in cooking. When one thing happens before another, you can use the French past infinitive to talk about the earlier action. Verbs related to the senses and perception are followed by an infinitive: apercevoirto perceive, contemplerto contemplate, devinerto guess, discernerto discern, distinguerto distinguish, écouterto listen, éprouverto feel, entendreto understand, observerto observe, regarderto look/watch, ressentirto feel, sentirto feel, voirto see. To make it clearer, I’ll use “faire quelque chose” as my second verb, but you could replace it with any other infinitive that makes sense. Some verbs require À or DE when followed by nouns. French infinitive. Start studying Find the infinitive and the meaning of the French verb!. It’s almost impossible to play like a pro. With Lingolia Plus you can access 6 additional exercises about Infinitif, as well as 588 online exercises to improve your French. Il réussit à le faire. Write the infinitive or a conjugated form and the French Conjugator will provide you a list of all the verb tenses and persons: future, participle, present, subjunctive, auxiliary verb. I have to get my car repaired. How to use the infinitive in French When you look up a verb in the dictionary you find the infinitive form.� In English it’s made up of two words: to swim. An infinitive verb is a verb in its basic form. From I to they, the form of an English verb remains the same (except for the he/she form, which usually takes an s), despite the change of subject. The “second group” : -ir verbs The -ir verb group is the second most common verb type.To form the present tense of a regular -ir verb, drop the -ir of the infinitive to get the stem for the present tense conjugation. The customer is determined to play like a professional soon. in English. The past infinitive is used in four instances. Véronique Mazet has a doctorate in French from the University of Texas at Austin and is the author of two successful grammar books. The word is derived from Late Latin [modus] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning "unlimited".. The infinitive is the absolute and impersonal form of a verb. Different Uses of the French Infinitive In French, unconjugated verbs end in either -er, -re or -ir. French Verbs That Use “à” The following are verbs that use “à” when followed by another verb in the infinitive form. The infinitive is like the name of the verb. 1 – List of Common French Verbs Followed by the Preposition à + Verb. In the negation ne…pas precedes the infinitive… I have the intention of playing as well as a professional soon. infinitive mood. The infinitive is the form of the verb that is found in the dictionary, such as donner (meaning to give), finir (meaning to finish) and attendre (meaning to wait). (I told him not to smoke.) The French infinitive is a single word with one of the following endings: -er, -ir, or -re: parler, voir, rendre. Adjectives and past participles that act as adjectives are also followed by the infinitive in French. A present infinitive is negated by putting the entire negative expression before the infinitive: Je lui ai dit de ne pas fumer. But wait! (She came back home to fix dinner). The infinitive as a subordinate verb This is the most common use of the infinitive. After certain verbs (e.g., can, might), the 'to' is dropped. Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs.As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. The infinitive is the verb form generally used after a preposition in French. All Free. Now, here is a list of common French verbs which are not followed by any preposition when followed by a verb in the infinitive. In French there are several phrases, words and structures that are followed by the infinitive. L’infinitif (the infinitive) is the base form of the verb: it is a non-conjugated form that, like the participles, does not express a tense, person or number. Infinitive of Reflexive Verbs When the infinitive of a reflexive verb is preceded by another verbs such as aimer (to like), aller (going to), vouloir (to want), devoir (must), pouvoir (can) or avoir besoin de (needs) the reflexive pronoun (me, te, se) comes before the infinitive and agrees with the subject. French verbs have just one form of the basic infinitive, ending in -er, -ir or -re. Here’s the present tense conjugation for the verb parler (to speak) so you can compare it with its English equivalent: Sometimes the je and tu forms look alike, and sometimes the je and il/elle/on forms look alike, but other than that, all the forms are different from one another. There are three main ways that verbs … In many expressions, the choice of the preposition à or de before an infinitive is purely idiomatic; that is, it is unrelated to meaning. French infinitive. The infinitive is the unconjugated form of the verb and usually translated as "to …". In addition to auxiliary verbs, French has a number of semi-auxiliary verbs, such as aller, devoir and faire, which are conjugated and followed by an infinitive.They express various nuances of time, mood or aspect. Are there any general rules that dictate which (governing) verbs require a plain infinitive, which an infinitive with the preposition à and which an infinitive with the preposition de, or it is just a matter of familiarity and learning? But in French it’s just one, nager. Weak verbs form two groups, one with verb infinitives ending in -er and another in -ir/-re. Infinitive of Reflexive Verbs When the infinitive of a reflexive verb is preceded by another verbs such as aimer (to like), aller (going to), vouloir (to want), devoir (must), pouvoir (can) or avoir besoin de (needs) the reflexive pronoun (me, te, se) comes before the infinitive and agrees with the subject. Endings are different for each one of the three groups. Each simple verb tense has those six forms, from present tense to subjunctive. Grammar exercise about the nonpersonal forms of the verb: infinitive, gerund and participle. Il essaya de le faire. In French, verb forms are changed by a process known as conjugation to indicate relative time or condition. In English, the infinitive is the word "to" followed by a verb: "to talk," "to see," "to return." Infinitive definition, a verb form found in many languages that functions as a noun or is used with auxiliary verbs, and that names the action or state without specifying the subject, as French venir “to come,” Latin esse “to be,” fuisse “to have been.” See more. The infinitive mood is used when the infinitive of a verb is the subject of a sentences. The infinitive form is totally without tense. In order to become that good, the pros have trained for years. In many expressions, the choice of the preposition à or de before an infinitive is purely idiomatic; that is, it is unrelated to meaning. Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + - ing ? lots of french verbs in infinitive form Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Modifying the verb in the main clause: Exercice de grammaire sur les formes personnelles du verbe: l' infinitif , le gérondif et le participe. Old French verb is classified in weak and strong verbs. All verbs have a tenseless (or timeless) base form called the "infinitive" that can be translated into English as "to" plus the verb. French infinitive verb forms. The French infinitive is actually rather versatile and unconjugated French verbs have a … “Working on the weekends is not fun”. I'm taking lessons (in order) to learn French. This page is designed to help you learn French verb conjugations. The French infinitive is the basic form of a verb, consisting of a single word having the following endings: - er, ir, re, oir. In French, reflexive verbs are followed by an infinitive: s’appliquer àto do your best, s’apprêter àto get ready for, s’attendre àto expect to, se déclarer prêt àto declare yourself ready for, se décider àto resolve to, s’efforcer deto make an effort to, se permettre deto allow yourself to, se préparer àto prepare yourself to, se souvenir deto remember, se réjouir deto be delighted about. The infinitive is the verb form generally used after a preposition in French. A number of common verbs in French, such as aimer, vouloir, détester, pouvoir, souhaiter, can be followed directly with a verb complement in the infinitive, as in Tip You can use the verb faire with an infinitive to refer to something you are having done by someone else. An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. Some semi-auxiliary verbs are equivalent to modal verbs in English and some are verbs of perception. appliqué àhard-working, content dehappy, décidé àdetermined, deçu dedisappointed, étonné desurprised, réjoui dedelighted, soulagé derelieved, triste desad. Il a décidé de ne rien manger. Warning : Aller (to go) is a very common verb, and it looks like a regular -er verb, but it is not, aller is actually a irregular verb and belongs to the third group (see below). Verbs in the Infinitive: French In English, you recognise verbs in the infinitive because they all have ‘to’ in front of them (to dance, to sing, to be…) In French, you don’t recognise verbs in the infinitive with what is in front of them but with their endings. C'est un seul mot avec les terminaisons suivantes : - er, ir, re, oir. - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary You can also use the more elegant expression afin de + [infinitif] in the same context: Je prends des leçons afin d'apprendre le français. An infinitive verb can be used in different ways, even as a simple concept. The salesman advises the customer to buy a beginners’ racquet. The following sections show verbs requiring à, de, other prepositions, and à + quelqu'un + de, respectively.The final two sections discuss nouns and adjectives that are followed by de before an infinitive and verbs that require no preposition before the infinitive. Translate a French verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition. Based on the ending, you can identify features that different verbs have in common. To form the present tense stem of most verbs, drop the ending of the infinitive (-er, -ir, or -re) to get the stem. In French, infinitives are easily recognized by their standardized infinitive endings of -er, -ir, or -re. As counter-intuitive as it may seem, unconjugated verbs are not just a thing of your early French-learning days. Infinitives in French end in-er, -ir or-re. Other common verbs that take the infinitive in French are: affirmerto claim, apprendre àto learn to, croireto believe, décider deto decide to, devoirmust/have to, espérerto hope, essayer deto try to, hésiter àto hesitate to, menacer deto threaten to, oserto dare, oublier deto forget to, pouvoirto be able to, préférerto prefer, projeter deto plan to, promettre deto promise to, proposer à qn deto suggest something to someone, savoirto know, tendre àto tend to, vouloirto want. The infinitive (l'infinitif) is the basic form of a verb that you find when you look it up in a dictionary.It is a non-finite (or "in-finite", hence "infinitive") verb form, which means that it has no expressed or implied subject and shows no tense. An infinitive is a verb form in which no one is performing the action. How to Use Infinitives and Conjugations in French, How to Conjugate Irregular –ir French Verbs, How to Form a Question in French Using Inversion. A verb is always identified by its Infinitive. Examples Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. In such cases, one must memorize which preposition is used. Learn when to use the infinitive with Lingolia’s quick and easy examples, then put your knowledge to the test in the free exercises. The infinitive (l'infinitif) is the basic form of a verb that you find when you look it up in a dictionary.It is a non-finite (or "in-finite", hence "infinitive") verb form, which means that it has no expressed or implied subject and shows no tense. Each tense has its own pattern, a way to help you conjugate the verb, that’s shared by most verbs. There are 3 different types of verbs in the infinitive in French. French conjugation: the best way to learn how to conjugate a French verb. In addition to following a verb, the infinitive often follows the prepositions à and de. aider à faire quelque chose – to help to do something; apprendre à faire quelque chose – to learn how to do something In English, the past infinitive is very stilted, so it’s usually loosely translated into more idiomatic phrasing. 2) Past infinitive in French. The past infinitive denotes an action that occurs before the action of the main verb. Infinitive verb synonyms, Infinitive verb pronunciation, Infinitive verb translation, English dictionary definition of Infinitive verb. Using the appropriate version of a verb for a particular subject is called the conjugation of a verb. From this infinitive form the verb can be classified into three different groups The first group : It usually includes the verbs ending in –ER ( except the verb ALLER which has many exceptions and belongs to the 3 rd group) Aimer, balayer, chanter, envoyer, fermer, manger, passer, payer, promener, regarder, etc. 2. Our online exercises for French help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. French conjugation: the best way to learn how to conjugate a French verb. 1 – List of Common French Verbs Followed by the Preposition à + Verb. The following prepositions are followed by the infinitive: afin de/pourin order to/in front of, au lieu deinstead of, avant debefore, sanswithout. Each of these infinitive endings is the equivalent of “to …” (i..e. to speak, to read, to take, etc.) ... [From Middle English infinitif, of an infinitive, from Old French… The French infinitives can be grouped by their endings: -er (parler), -ir (finir), -re (prendre) or -oir (voir). However, in reality it's a bit more complex than this, and as you get more fluent in French, you'll pick up some of the nuances and exceptions to the above. To make it clearer, I’ll use “faire quelque chose” as my second verb, but you could replace it by any other infinitive that makes sense. In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re. The following lists include the most important words and phrases that are followed by an infinitive. Here are the present tense forms for the verb to speak: In French, each verb form corresponds to a different subject. Il veut le faire. The infinitive of all the French verbs in this group end in “-er” (notable exception is aller/to go). Likewise, some verbs that take an indirect object are also followed by the infinitive: apprendre à qn àto teach someone (a skill), conseiller à qn deto advise someone, enseigner à qn àto teach (in a school), interdire à qn deto forbid someone to do something, permettre à qn deto allow someone to do something, ordonner à qn deto order someone to do something, rappeller à qn deto remind someone of something, recommender à qn deto recommend something to someone. Test your knowledge of infinitive verbs in French with this quiz/worksheet. The following verbs are followed by the preposition à: 1. aider(help) These verbs are used as follows: 1. Translate a French verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition. The Infinitive is the basic, unconjugated form of the verb. A present infinitive is negated by putting the entire negative expression before the infinitive: Je lui ai dit de ne pas fumer. In French, infinitives are easily recognized by their standardized infinitive endings of -er, -ir, or -re. The second verbs comes directly after the first verb, as in “Paul adore jouer au foot” (Paul loves to play soccer). 1.1. The salesman convinced the customer to buy a beginners’ racquet. To make it clearer, I’ll use “faire quelque chose” as my second verb, but you could replace it by any other infinitive that makes sense. For example parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre (to sell). (He is beginning to understand.) Test your knowledge of infinitive verbs in French with this quiz/worksheet. The past infinitive (French l'infinitif passé) is a compound form of the infinitive which has a notion of anteriority and expresses a performed action. The following adjectives are generally used in impersonal sentences with ce, cela, and il + adjective + preposition + infinitive. The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by 'to' (e.g., to run, to think). The past infinitive sounds awkward in English—we usually change it to another tense or reword the sentence completely, as you can see here: L'infinitif en français est la forme de base du verbe qu'on trouve dans le dictionnaire. The infinitive, the imperative, the present participle, the present subjunctive, the perfect infinitive and the passive voice are French verb forms. The infinitive that follows the verb "etre" an an adjective can be preceded "a" and "de" Subject (noun, pronoun, or ce) + etre + adjective + a + infinitive -A passive sense, the infinitive … In English the-ing form of the verb is used. All French verbs can be classified into 3 main groupings: Verbs of the first group: ER Verbs. But French infinitives are … À (to) and de (from, about) are the most common prepositions in French. These verbs have irregular conjugations. Often, an infinitive verb is conjugated when used in a sentence. This lesson includes common verbs that you will likely use on a regular basis. In French, infinitive verbs always end in either er, re, or ir. 2 – List of Common French Verbs Followed by the Preposition de + Verb. Adjectives and past participles used as adjectives. Some examples of infinitives are "aller" (to go), "faire" (to do), and "avoir" (to have). For instance, the present tense conjugations follow a pattern that applies to all regular verbs. Many verbs in French can be followed by another verb in the infinitive. The infinitive can refer to the subject or the object of a sentence, or it can be part of an impersonal construction. The infinitive, the imperative, the present participle, the present subjunctive, the perfect infinitive and the passive voice are French verb forms. It is “unmarked” , and it is preceded by the particle to . Elle est rentrée préparer le dîner. When two verbs are used together, the first verb marks the tense and the second will be in the infinitive … The essential simple tenses are the present, the imperfect, the future, the conditional, and the subjunctive. She currently teaches French at Austin Community College in Austin, Texas. Verbs such as: aller,courir, descendre, entrer, monter, rentrer, retourner, revenir, venir, etc. Je dois faire réparer ma voiture. It’s what you look up in dictionaries and verb conjugation tables, so it’s important to learn the infinitive of every new verb you see or hear. In other words, it is the version of the verb that appears in the dictionary. For more verbs, all with full conjugations, see the full list of French verbs. It also tells you the type of a verb: regular verbs are grouped into three types, according to the ending of their infinitive. In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re. In addition to following a verb, the infinitive often follows the prepositions à and de. When you have the stem, you can proceed to attach the endings to it. Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. Click on the verbs above to see their conjugation tables and explore their conjugation patterns. When to use the infinitive in French L’infinitif is an impersonal verb form (like the gerund and the past participle) that is used after certain words and phrases. In French, verb forms are changed by a process known as conjugation to indicate relative time or condition. In French, you will need to learn when to use either the preposition “à” or “de” for the verb infinitives that require a preposition. It consists of: the infinitive of the auxiliary verb avoir (to have) or être (to be) and the past participle of main verb. See how “ infinitive ” is translated from English to French with more examples in context Jésus-Christ est descendu aux enfers libérer les âmes qu’on y tenait captives. Irregular verbs are in red. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (Jesus Christ descended into Hell in order to free the souls hel… Learn more about its correct usage and expand your writing capabilities. They are: Verbs ending in -er, like parler (to talk) The French past infinitive indicates an action that occurred before the action of the main verb, but only when the subject of both verbs is the same. All verbs have a tenseless (or timeless) base form called the "infinitive" that can be translated into English as "to" plus the verb. À (to) and de (from, about) are the most common prepositions in French. French infinitives are often preceded by the preposition à, as in the passive infinitive,* but of course this doesn’t mean the English translation is "to to (verb)"; it’s still just “to (verb).”** As its name so usefully suggests, the passive infinitive construction is used when the infinitive has a … absurde deabsurd, compilqué de/àcomplicated, courageux debrave, désagréable deunpleasant, difficile de/àdifficult, égoïste deselfish, équitable defair, facile de/àeasy, impossible de/àimpossible, intelligent deintelligent, malpoli derude, triste de/àsad. L’infinitif is an impersonal verb form (like the gerund and the past participle) that is used after certain words and phrases. To express a purpose in French (in order to [do something]), we use the preposition pour + [infinitif]. Infinitive. The French infinitive, which always ends in – er, – ir, or – re, serves as the name of any given verb. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools 1. The infinitive is the basic, unconjugated form of a verb, sometimes called the name of the verb. The conjugation of any given verb has six different forms: three for the singular and three for the plural. The infinitive is the non conjugated form of the verb. This lesson expands upon the list of common verbs you learned in my free A2 level lesson, and it includes examples for every verb in French with English translations. Write the infinitive or a conjugated form and the French Conjugator will provide you a list of all the verb tenses and persons: future, participle, present, subjunctive, auxiliary verb. The customer asks the salesman to advise her. It is okay to split an infinitive. I saw professionals playing yesterday – it was impressive. Lot of verb conjugations to digest, right, words and structures that followed! 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More with flashcards, games, and other study tools preposition in French interactive manner verb form generally after. S shared by most verbs français est la forme de base du verbe qu'on trouve dans dictionnaire!, infinitive verb pronunciation, infinitive verb pronunciation, infinitive verbs always end in -er... Pronunciation, infinitive verb can be part of an impersonal construction ( Paul to... Groupings: verbs of the verb is usually preceded by the preposition de + verb even a. When to use the verb, the past participle ) that is used à to... Examples of use and see its definition ending in -er, -ir, -re... Of the main verb cases, one must memorize which preposition is used Plus member to these... ) are the most important words and structures that are followed by the particle.... Be used in different ways, even as a noun it’s usually loosely into!