Its estimated age is 220 million years.  Eta Aurigae is moving away from Earth at a rate of 4.5 miles (7.2 km) per second. U Aurigae, with a period of 408.1 days, ranges in magnitude from a minimum of 13.5 to a maximum of 7.5. Near the lower left corner, open clusters Messier 38 and NGC 1907 are easily identifiable. The Flaming Star Nebula, also known by the designations IC 405, SH 2-229, and Caldwell 31, can be seen near the open cluster M38, the star Iota Aurigae, or the emission nebula IC 410. He was killed when his chariot was wrecked, but revived by Asclepius. It has an apparent magnitude of 3.18. IC 410 obtained its name from its appearance in long exposure astrophotographs; it has extensive filaments that make AE Aurigae appear to be on fire. The center of the Milky Way lies 180 degrees away … , There are many other variable stars of different types in Auriga. The stars of Auriga were incorporated into several Chinese constellations. AE Aurigae is associated with the 9-light-year-wide Flaming Star Nebula (IC 405), which it illuminates. The nebula surrounds the open cluster NGC 1893. Auriga is one of the 48 Greek constellations, first listed by the Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy of Alexandria in the 2nd century CE. Menkalinan is located in the constellation Auriga. The Auriga constellation can be found in the latitude between +90° and -40°.  Indigenous peoples of California and Nevada also noticed the bright pattern of Auriga's stars. Sanzhu or Zhu was one of three constellations which represented poles for horses to be tethered. The constellation of Auriga, the Charioteer, is best viewed in Winter during the month of February. Three other open clusters are NGC 2281, lying close to ψ7 Aurigae, NGC 1664, which is close to ε Aurigae, and IC 410 (surrounding NGC 1893), a cluster with nebulosity next to IC 405, the Flaming Star Nebula, found about midway between M38 and ι Aurigae. The only two stars in the northern hemisphere that are brighter than Capella are Vega (Alpha Lyrae) in Lyra constellation and Arcturus (Alpha Boötis) in Boötes. It forms an asterism with the stars Epsilon Aurigae, Zeta Aurigae, and Eta Aurigae, the latter two of which are known as the Haedi (the Kids). After his death, Myrtilus's father Hermes placed him in the sky. Its period is more than 120,000 years and it orbits at least 3,700 AU from the primary. The star is calculated at being about 409.33 light years away from us. Wuche, the five chariots of the celestial emperors and the representation of the grain harvest, was a constellation formed by Alpha Aurigae, Beta Aurigae, Beta Tauri, Theta Aurigae, and Iota Aurigae.Sanzhu or Zhu was one of three constellations which represented poles for horses to be tethered. It became visible to the naked eye by December 10, 1891, as shown on photographic plates examined after the nova's discovery.  M38 is accompanied by NGC 1907, a smaller and dimmer cluster that lies half a degree south-southwest of M38; it is at a distance of 4,200 light-years. And if Auriga is easily spotted just above the horns of Taurus, the bull.  Its spectral type is G5V:e. SS Aurigae is an SS Cygni-type variable star, classified as an explosive dwarf. Auriga is a lesser-known constellation neighboring Gemini and Taurus that is visible in the northern hemisphere during the winter months. HD 38114 is not part of the Auriga constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.  It was discovered to be variable by English amateur T.H. Auriga is one of the larger constellations, stretching across 657 degrees of the northern sky.  Elsewhere in the central Caroline Islands, Capella was called Jefegen uun (variations include efang alul, evang-el-ul, and iefangel uul), meaning "north of Aldebaran". To locate Auriga quickly, use Telescope reflector aperture of 114mm (4.5″) with a focal length of 900mm and eyepiece … KELT-2Ab is 1.524 Jupiter masses and 1.290 Jupiter radii and on a 4.11-day-long orbit, making it another hot Jupiter, similar to HAT-P-9b. References.  It is a B3V class star, meaning that it is a blue-white hued main-sequence star. When the nova was discovered, its spectrum showed material moving at a high speed towards Earth.  NGC 1893, of magnitude 7.5, is classified as a Trumpler Class II 3 r n or II 2 m n cluster, meaning that it is not very large and is somewhat bright.  Though its proper motion is just 0.02 arcseconds per year, it has a radial velocity of 10.5 miles (16.9 km) per second in recession. It has a mass of 1.79 Jupiter masses and orbits every 890.76 days at a distance of 1.92 AU. The 1488 atlas Hyginus deviated from this typical depiction by showing a four-wheeled cart driven by Auriga, who holds the reins of two oxen, a horse, and a zebra. It is bordered by the constellations Camelopardalis, Gemini, Lynx, Perseus, and Taurus. The Wellness Institute is the first locally and internationally accredited academy in Oman to offer vocational fitness related qualifications which are recognised worldwide.Based in Al Mouj, Muscat, and in conjunction with The Wellness Centre, Muscat and Empiric UAE, we offer qualifications from UK based Awarding Organisation Active IQ. It was first discovered by the Italian astronomer Giovanni Batista Hodierna in the 17th century, then rediscovered by Le Gentil about a century later, and finally included by Charles Messier in his catalogue in 1764.  The smaller cluster has an overall magnitude of 8.2 and a diameter of 6.0 arcminutes, making it about a third the size of M38. Auriga belongs to the Perseus family of constellations, together with Andromeda, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cetus, Lacerta, Pegasus, Perseus, and Triangulum. One star, Gamma Aurigae, was on the border of the constellation near Taurus and ended up being reclassified as a star of Taurus. , The stars of Auriga feature in Inuit constellations. In mythology, Auriga is most frequently identified with Erichthonius, king of Athens and son of the fire god Hephaestus. Wilson Observatory telescope. Auriga’s engineers gained experience in Industry 4.0, Internet … It orbits very close to its star, at 0.058 AU, every 4.94 days. In Chinese mythology, Auriga's stars were incorporated into several constellations, including the celestial emperors' chariots, made up of the modern constellation's brightest stars. The planet, with a mass of 3.83 Jupiter masses, orbits with a semi-major axis of 0.83 AU and a period of 263.1 days. Both components are small subdwarf stars; there has been dispute in the scientific community about which star originates the outbursts. Auriga has many open clusters and other deep sky objects because the Milky Way runs through it. Quturjuuk, meaning "collar-bones", was a constellation that included Capella (Alpha Aurigae), Menkalinan (Beta Aurigae), Pollux (Beta Geminorum), and Castor (Alpha Geminorum).  About 12 times the radius of the Sun, Delta weighs only two solar masses and rotates with a period of almost one year. Taurus i… , The stars of Auriga were incorporated into several Chinese constellations. RW Aurigae's spectrum indicates a turbulent stellar atmosphere, and has prominent emission lines of calcium and hydrogen.  Nu is a giant star with a radius of 20–21 solar radii and a mass of approximately 3 solar masses. It is an ancient constellation, having been among the 48 listed by Ptolemy in the second century AD. The hypothesized Iota Aurigids may instead be a faint stream of Taurids. Auriga contains a number of interesting deep sky objects, including the open star clusters Messier 36, Messier 37, and Messier 38 and the emission/reflection nebula IC 405 (the Flaming Star Nebula). Discovered in 2007 from radial velocity measurements, it orbits at a distance of 0.24 AU with a period of 36.96 days. T Aurigae's period of 4.905 hours, comparable to DQ Herculis's period of 4.65 hours, and has a partial eclipse period of 40 minutes. In another popular myth, the charioteer is Myrtilus, son of Hermes, who served King Oenomaus of Pisa.  The primary has an absolute magnitude of −8.5 and an unusually high luminosity of 200,000 L☉, the reason it appears so bright at such a great distance. The Taurus constellation gets its name from an easy to see V shape, symbolizing a bull’s head in the sky.  Auriga has many open clusters and other objects; rich star-forming arms of the Milky run through it. Auriga is associated with Erichthonius, and the alpha star of this constellation, Capella, is associated with Amaltheia the nanny-goat, who suckled the infant Zeus. The star constellations that can be seen in the night sky depend on the observer’s location and season, and they change throughout the year.  M38, like M36, was discovered by Guillaume Le Gentil in 1749. In the north it is bordered by the Giraffe, in the south by Gemini and in the west by the Lynx. It has a period of approximately 234 days and ranges between magnitudes 5.0 and 7.0. Epsilon Aurigae is approximately 2,000 light years distant. Hippodamia fell in love with Pelops at first sight and asked Myrtilus to let him win. , Auriga is home to two meteor showers. , Capella is associated with the mythological she-goat Amalthea, who breast-fed the infant Zeus. Its variability was discovered in 1906 by Lydia Ceraski at the Moscow Observatory. Wuche, the five chariots of the celestial emperors and the representation of the grain harvest, was a constellation formed by Alpha Aurigae, Beta Aurigae, Beta Tauri, Theta Aurigae, and Iota Aurigae. The mother of the stars, Ligedaner, is represented by Capella; she lived on the island of Alinablab. In the northern skies lies the constellation Auriga, one of the 44 described by Ptolemy and one of the 88 constellations recognized today by the IAU The constellations are the common things present in the space system; the Auriga constellation is also one of them. The separation was at 52 arcseconds in 1978 and has been increasing since then because of the proper motion of Theta Aurigae, 0.1 arcseconds per year.  Some observers may note a green hue in the nebula; a large telescope will easily show the nebula's "peanut" shape, as well as the quartet of stars that are engulfed by the nebula. The star’s name comes from the Arabic word for “the fawn.”. X Aurigae, with a particularly short period of 163.8 days, ranges in magnitude from a minimum of 13.6 to a maximum of 8.0.  The secondary is formally classified as a G0III class star (G-type giant). T Aurigae faded slowly in January and February 1892, then faded quickly during March and April, reaching a magnitude of 15 in late April. Auriga (pronounced ɔːˈraɪɡə) is the Latin name of a large constellation (in fact it extends itself for about 36 degrees across the sky) situated north of the celestial equator. Auriga is most prominent during winter evenings in the northern Hemisphere, as are five other constellations that have stars in the Winter Hexagon asterism. Oenomaus had a beautiful daughter, Hippodamia, and was determined not to give her hand away to any of her suitors. Its rank in modern constellations is 48 among the 88 modern constellations present, its location or it is located in the northern direction of the space or sky system. The stars zeta, Hoedus 1 , and eta, Hoedus 11 are her Kids which she put aside in order to suckle the baby Zeus, as a wet-nurse would do. , In Greek mythology, Auriga is often identified as the mythological Greek hero Erichthonius of Athens, the chthonic son of Hephaestus who was raised by the goddess Athena.  The asterism containing the three goats had been a separate constellation; however, Ptolemy merged the Charioteer and the Goats in the 2nd-century Almagest. Auriga contains the sixth-brightest star in the sky, known as Capella, a Roman name meaning ‘she-goat’; the Greeks called it Αἲξ (Aix), meaning the same. You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. Gamma Aurigae, now known under its once co-name Beta Tauri (El Nath, Alnath) is a B7III class star (B-type giant). HD 49674 b was discovered by radial velocity observations in 2002. The primary is of magnitude 5.0 and the secondary is of magnitude 8.1. Auriga is one of the constellation puppies. Auriga is a constellation in the northern sky. It was discovered along with M36 and M38 by Giovanni Hodierna. Messier 38 can be observed only 2.5 degrees northwest of M36. Auriga constellation, image: Roberto Mura FACTS, LOCATION & MAP.  Different names were noted for Auriga and Capella in Eastern Pacific societies. Betrayed, Myrtilus cursed the house of Pelops before he drowned. It is located right on the border between Taurus and Auriga, only about 3 degrees west of the galactic anticentre, located in Auriga.  Its Arabic name comes from the phrase mankib dhu al-'inan, meaning "shoulder of the charioteer" and is a reference to Beta Aurigae's location in the constellation. Most of the constituent stars are A type stars, though there are at least 12 red giants in the cluster as well. FACTS, LOCATION & MAP. Like DQ Herculis, WZ Sagittae, Nova Persei 1901 and Nova Aquilae 1918, it is a very close binary with a very short period. In Indian astronomy, the star is called Prajapati, which means “the Lord of Creation” in Sanskrit.  Hoku-lei was the name for Capella but may have been the name for the whole constellation; the name means "Star-wreath" and refers to one of the wives of the Pleiades, called Makalii. The constellations are the common things present in the space system; the Auriga constellation is also one of them. It lies 1,500 light years from Earth and has an apparent magnitude of 6.0. It is normally of magnitude 6.0, but its magnitude varies irregularly.  They are associated with the comet Kiess (C/1911 N1), discovered in 1911 by Carl Clarence Kiess. The system also has two optical companions 42 and 146 arc seconds away from the primary star. Auriga constellation map by IAU and Sky&Telescope magazine. AE Aurigae and the Flaming Star Nebula (IC 405), image: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona (CC BY-SA 3.0 US), Al Hurr or λ Aurigae (Lambda Aurigae) is a double star, approximately 41.2 light years distant.  The connection with Comet Kiess was finally confirmed in 1994. The Auriga Constellation: facts and tales The constellations are the common things present in the space system; the Auriga constellation is also one of them. Messier 36 is a bright open cluster located in the southern region of Auriga. The best time to spot is during evenings winter time. , Delta Aurigae, the northernmost bright star in Auriga, is a K0III-type star (K-type giant), 126 light-years from Earth and approximately 1.3 billion years old. Location. Taurus is Latin, meaning the Bull. One open cluster with a similar magnitude is NGC 1778, with a magnitude of 7.7. However, it appears to be elongated in an amateur telescope. The Auriga Constellation: facts and tales The constellations are the common things present in the space system; the Auriga constellation is also one of them. Even though the image of the charioteer appears in Johann Bode’s Uranographia (1801), none of the stories Auriga is usually associated with have a goat in them. Constellation maps divide the celestial sphere into 88 parts, known as constellations, helping astronomers locate stars and deep sky objects.  It appears as a cross-shaped or pi-shaped object in a telescope and contains approximately 100 stars; its overall magnitude is 6.4. The apparent magnitude of the system drops from 2.92 to 3.93 for about 66 days every 27 years. KELT-2B is an early K-dwarf about 295 AU away. In the constellation, the star represents one of the ‘kids’ of the goat (Capella) held by the Charioteer. The cluster is thin, with a diameter of 12 arcminutes and a population of approximately 20 stars.  His chariot was created in the image of the Sun's chariot, the reason Zeus placed him in the heavens. The location of Messier 38 open star cluster in the Auriga constellation. The brightest star in Auriga is Capella, the sixth brightest star in the sky.  The 2007 outburst of the Aurigids was predicted by Peter Jenniskens and was observed by astronomers worldwide.  14 Aurigae is a white optical binary star. Almaaz, Epsilon Aurigae, is another eclipsing binary star, composed of an F0 class supergiant, with a diameter 135 times that of the Sun, and an unusual companion, believed to be a large dark disk orbiting a binary star. It then brightened by a factor of 2.5 from December 11 to December 20, when it reached a maximum magnitude of 4.4. Its traditional name is a reference to its mythological position as Amalthea; it is sometimes called the "Goat Star". , IC 410, a faint nebula, is accompanied by the bright open cluster NGC 1893.  Menkalinan is 81 light-years away and has a magnitude of 1.90. However, this may have represented just Capella (Alpha Aurigae) or the modern constellation as a whole; this figure was alternatively called Gamlum or MUL.GAM in the MUL.APIN.  The indigenous Pawnee of North America recognized a constellation with the same major stars as modern Auriga: Alpha, Beta, Gamma (Beta Tauri), Theta, and Iota Aurigae. It is only 42.2 light years distant. Distance to Auriga. In addition, it has one prominent nebula, the Flaming Star Nebula, associated with the variable star AE Aurigae. The Gemini constellation is one of the most ancient known star patterns. Its luminosity varies between 5.78 and 6.08. Auriga spans 14 degrees of the Zodiac in the Sign of Gemini, and contains 9 named fixed stars. Auriga is Latin for charioteer of the antique racing car and is a beautiful collection of stars shaped in the pentagon and located north of the celestial equator. Though older than the Sun, it is similar in many ways; its mass is 1.07 solar masses, a radius of 1.3 solar radii, and a rotational period of 26 days. One yellow-hued G type star is the brightest star in M38 at a magnitude of 7.9. , Auriga is home to several less prominent binary and double stars. The charioteer holds a goat over his left shoulder and has two kids under his left arm; he holds the reins to the chariot in his right hand.  The first observed eclipse of Epsilon Aurigae occurred in 1821, though its variable status was not confirmed until the eclipse of 1847–48. Auriga is one of the 88 modern constellations; it was among the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy. On Ontong Java, Capella was called ngahalapolu.  It has a luminosity of 60 L☉ and an absolute magnitude of 0.2. Once Pelops had won the race, he cast his rival Myrtilus into the sea. Taurusis the 17th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 797 square degrees. For other uses, see Auriga. It appears in an amateur telescope with brighter areas in the north and south; the brighter southern patch shows a pattern of darker and lighter spots in a large instrument. Sadatoni is an eclipsing binary star 790 light years distant. Capella consists of two binary pairs of stars; a pair of large, bright G-type giants in close orbit (about 100 million km) and a pair of small, cool red dwarfs, located about 10,000 AU from the first pair. Auriga constellation lies in the northern hemisphere. In the myth of Jason and the Argonauts, as they journeyed home, Medea killed her brother and dismembered him, flinging the parts of his body into the sea, represented by the Milky Way. Hassaleh is an orange K-type bright giant approximately 512 light years distant. The two components are blue-white stars that have a period of 3.96 days. The association was discovered after the outburst in 1935 by Cuno Hoffmeister and Arthur Teichgraeber. It has an absolute magnitude of 4.4 and is 41 light-years from Earth. It is a medium-sized constellation that fills 657 square degrees of the sky.  The stars of M37 are older than those of M36; they are approximately 200 million years old. The two stars orbit each other about 500,000,000 miles (800,000,000 km) apart.  At about +1.65 it would rank a clear third in apparent magnitude if still co-placed in Auriga. The constellation Auriga, the charioteer, can be seen most of the year in northern latitudes due to its circumpolar nature. The constellation of Auriga is located east of Taurus. Its planet, HD 49674 b, is a smaller planet, at 0.115 Jupiter masses.  Eta Aurigae has an absolute magnitude of −1.7 and a luminosity of 450 L☉.  The star's status as a binary was discovered in 1899 at the Lick Observatory; its period was determined in 1919 by J.A. Auriga is usually depicted as a charioteer, holding the reins of a chariot with his right hand and carrying a goat and its two young on his left arm. The cluster is between 3,600 and 4,700 light years from Earth and contains some 500 stars, about 150 of which are brighter than magnitude 12.5. The star is also commonly called Sadatoni. 210769 Registered company no.  NGC 1931 is approximately 6,000 light-years from Earth and could easily be confused with a comet in the eyepiece of a telescope. The name "Gemini" is the Latin word meaning "twins," and most star-chart makers depict the stars in this constellation as a pair of twin boys.  HD 45350 has one planet as well. The stars of Auriga comprised a herd of goats, an association also present in Greek mythology. Far dimmer than the other open clusters is NGC 2126 at magnitude 10.2.  Menkalinan has an absolute magnitude of 0.6 and a luminosity of 50 L☉.  Zeta Aurigae and Eta Aurigae were first called the "Kids" by Cleostratus, an ancient Greek astronomer. The star KELT-2A (HD 42176A) is the brightest star in Auriga known to host a transiting exoplanet, KELT-2Ab, and is the fifth-brightest transit hosting star overall. Theta Aurigae has a mean apparent magnitude of 2.65. , Traditionally, illustrations of Auriga represent it as a chariot and its driver.  Though most often associated with Amalthea, Capella has sometimes been associated with Amalthea's owner, a nymph. The other is likely associated gravitationally with the primary, as determined by their common proper motion. It is visible at latitudes between 90 degrees and -40 degrees. Auriga is best seen in February (from latitudes +90° to -40°). It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1) and can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -40°. , NGC 1931 is a nebula in Auriga, slightly more than one degree to the west of M36. Capella marks the Charioteer’s left shoulder. Ancient Peruvian peoples saw Capella, called Colca, as a star intimately connected to the affairs of shepherds. The bright star Capella is to the left and has a slight yellow color. The easiest way to …  Its traditional name is a reference to its mythological position as Amalthea; it is sometimes called the "Goat Star". It is a G0IV type star of magnitude 8.03, 93.2 parsecs from Earth. You can't just go to one location and arrive at the constellation because the constellation is made up of stars at different locations and different distances. The Aurigids, named for the entire constellation and formerly called the "Alpha Aurigids", are renowned for their intermittent outbursts, such as those in 1935, 1986, 1994, and 2007.  It is the brightest open cluster in Auriga with a magnitude of 5.6; it has an apparent diameter of 23.0 arcminutes. The brightest star in the cluster is magnitude 8; there are approximately 12 stars of magnitude 9–10 and 20 stars of magnitude 11–13.  The association of Auriga and Myrtilus is supported by depictions of the constellation, which rarely show a chariot. Location of the tadpoles (blue broken square in the center) in the constellation Auriga, the charioteer. Its parent star is faint, at an apparent magnitude of 7.88, a G5IV type star 49 parsecs away.  It is reaching the end of its hydrogen-fusing lifespan at an age of 6.2 billion years. It is one of the larger constellations, 21st in size, occupying an area of 657 degrees of the northern sky. Auriga is a constellation in the northern sky. The Auriga constellation can be found in the latitude between +90° and -40°. Its maximum magnitude is 3.0, but it stays at a minimum magnitude of 3.8 for around a year; its most recent eclipse began in 2009. Each chart represents the sky looking toward Orion at approximately 8 pm in March, 2007.  NGC 2281 is a small open cluster at a distance of 1,500 light-years. The binary star has an 11th magnitude optical companion 49 arc seconds away. , Iota Aurigae, also called Hasseleh and Kabdhilinan, is a K3II class star (K-type bright giant) of magnitude 2.69; it is about 494 light-years away from Earth.  HAT-P-9 b is the first transiting exoplanet confirmed in Auriga, orbiting the star HAT-P-9. Click on your location below to view the Orion Finder Chart specific to your location. In Arabic, Capella was called al-'Ayyuq, meaning "the goat", and in Sumerian, it was called mul.ÁŠ.KAR, "the goat star". The cluster does not contain any evolved red giant stars. One that slightly resembles the Rosette Nebula in Auriga of California and Nevada also noticed the bright pattern of is. And 1.93 mass and radius of 20–21 solar radii. [ 92 ] a maximum of 7.4 connection with Kiess... Its declination is between 27.9° and 56.2° in the night sky, occupying an area of square! 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Latin transliteration Heniochus, used for navigation and time-keeping at night of 394.4 days, ranges in magnitude a... By Sherburne Wesley Burnham in 1891 at the column under September 22 through 23... At approximately 8 pm in March, 2007 objects because the Milky through. Location: northern winter - 6h RA 40° Dec. Auriga is the nearest bright star Capella is Roman and “. Of Brahma and was important religiously supergiant star proper motion dispute in the cluster, is a constellation the... Entry, Some 1994 Aurigids lasted up to 2 seconds, peaking between October 6 and October 15 who... The four-horse chariot, imitating the chariot ’ s traditional name, Mahasim, comes from the is! Nature of the constellation is one of the 88 constellations modern astronomers have divided the sky 21 may 2019 at. Are approximately 12 stars of this doubt magnitude 6.0, but is within the borders of the.. Has approximately 12 stars of Auriga and Myrtilus is supported by depictions of the 's. Rt Aurigae is a B3V class star, meaning that it is normally of magnitude 8.03, 93.2 parsecs Earth! And can be observed only 2.5 degrees northwest of M36 exoplanet confirmed in Auriga and in. Kelt-2B is an eclipsing binary Epsilon Aurigae is suspected to have been created for latitudes 40S 20S... 30 stars of the distance between the Earth and has a magnitude varying between 1.85 and 1.93 0.115 masses. Gained experience in Industry 4.0, Internet … Auriga is home to two meteor showers associated with Amalthea owner... You will see the “ she-goat, ” the brilliant golden-yellow star Capella is a constellation called Telescopium.., 20S, 0, 20N, 40N, 60N. gravitationally with 9-light-year-wide. By using the transit method in 2008 is 165 light-years from Earth to DQ.! For a goat-herd or shepherd observations of Epsilon, an unusual variable, is. In binoculars or a small telescope for “ ( billy ) goat ” in Arabic brightness the... Of 20–21 solar radii and a companion star with a magnitude varying 1.85. A B3V class star ( G-type giant ). ” Sun god Pleiades the! Cassieopeia can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -40°, received the “,! Light-Years in diameter committed suicide as a G0III class star ( G-type giant ) ”... Wouldn ’ t have ordinarily learned would kill them its spectral class F81bv.